Military Heritage

December 2007

Volume 9, No. 3

The First Crusade culminated in taking Jerusalem in 1099. In 1187, the Third Crusade was formed to retake Jerusalem from Saladin. Here Richard I is engaged in a fierce fight with Saladin in a painting by Philip Loutherbourg. ©New Walk Museum, Leicester City Museum Service, UK / Bridgeman Art Library

Japanese marines prepare to open fire with machine guns on the outnumbered Chinese position at Sihang Warehouse in October 1937. National Archives

December 2007

Military Heritage

Chinese Alamo: Last Stand at Sihang Warehouse

By Eric Niderost

On October 27, 1937, the Zhabei district of Shanghai began to burn, an enormous conflagration that stretched for five miles and filled the northern horizon from end to end, almost as far as the eye could see. Read more

Real paratroopers or fake? The Allies were inspired to use dummy parachutists from the Germans, who deployed decoys during their 1940 attack on the Belgian fortress of Eben-Emael. (Shown here are real Americans during Operation Market Garden.)

December 2007

Military Heritage, Top Secret

Operations Titanic’s Paradummies

By Richard L. Baker

Using parachutes to insert large forces behind enemy lines quickly fostered the idea of also using decoys to sow doubt and confusion. Read more

A British soldier searches for a dead comrade’s identity disc after the disastrous attack at the Somme. Painting by Frank Crozier, who also took part in a similar British rout at Gallipoli.

December 2007

Military Heritage

A Hobbit on the Somme

By O’Brien Browne

Smoke and ash drifted across the shattered ground. Dead faces peered up with lidless eyes from pools of stagnant water. Read more

December 2007

Military Heritage, Editorial

John Pope vs. Little Crow: The Sioux Uprising

By Roy Morris Jr.

John Pope’s second campaign as an army commander went considerably better than his first. Not that it did his reputation—or Abraham Lincoln’s, for that matter—any particular good. Read more

Colonial troops under Lord Stirling retreat across Gowanus Creek after holding off the British long enough for Washington’s army to regroup along Brooklyn Heights.

December 2007

Military Heritage, Soldiers

William Alexander: Hero of the American Revolution

By William Be. Allmon

Of all the generals who fought on the Patriot side during the American Revolution, none was more renowned than New York City native William Alexander, better known to his contemporaries as “Lord Stirling.” Read more

Israeli soldiers operate Super Sherman tanks during winter maneuvers in the Negev Desert, January 3, 1967. The tanks would soon prove their worth in combat.

December 2007

Military Heritage, Weapons

Sherman Tanks of the Israeli Army

By Christopher Miskimon

From its inception, Zahal, the Israeli Army, has been forced to use ingenuity and improvisation to arm itself against its Arab enemies. Read more

December 2007

Military Heritage, Militaria

Collecting War Comics

By Peter Suciu

For the brave soldiers of Easy Company, it must have seemed as though World War II would never end. Read more

December 2007

Military Heritage, Books

Africa Squadron

By Al Hemingway

In 1819, the United States Congress passed legislation prohibiting the international slave trade and mandating that anyone apprehended while participating in the sordid business would be put to death. Read more

December 2007

Military Heritage, Games

Glory Days 2 is real-time strategy game for the Nintendo DS.

By Eric T. Baker

Nintendo’s DS has never been a platform that wargamers buy specifically for wargames. It is a system that has a lot of good games, but it doesn’t have any “killer application” wargames that would force a military hobbyist to pick one up. Read more