Photo Credit: Canadian loyalists set fire to the rebel steamer Caroline and send her drifting toward Niagara Falls.
By Chuck Lyons In December 1837, 400 men armed with muskets, pitchforks, and staves marched against the city of Toronto and the British government. Intercepted by pickets, the undisciplined and ill-trained farmers, shopkeepers and students were driven back at gunpoint. One man was killed and the rest fled. The rebellion spread from the Toronto streets all the way to an island in the Niagara River and on to the St. Lawrence River, with periodic raids launched from American soil against Canadian