Challenged by a new Scottish champion, William Wallace, King Edward 'Longshanks' I led a massive English army north into Scotland in the summer of 1298. The two sides collided at Falkirk.

Edward I

Edward Longshanks & William Wallace at Falkirk

by John Walker

After the disastrous Battle of Dunbar in April 1296, the Scottish revolt against England stalled for more than a year until a rebel force led by Andrew de Moray and William Wallace rekindled the flames of rebellion with a stunning victory over the English at Stirling Bridge. Read more

The Normans make their bid for Saxon England against King Harold in the Battle of Hastings.

Edward I

King Harold and the Battle of Hastings

by Frederick Grant

On December 25, 1065, King Edward the Confessor presided over a spectacular Christmas banquet at his palace on Thorney Island in the Thames River, just two miles upstream from London. Read more

The House of Lancaster defeated the House of York—both branches of the House of Plantagenet—during the War of the Roses in England.

Edward I

The House of Plantagenet & The War of the Roses

by Michael Haskew

Fought between 1455 and 1487, the War of the Roses was prosecuted by the Houses of Lancaster and York, both branches of the Royal House of Plantagenet, which was of French origin and ruled England for more than 300 years. Read more