By Michael E. Haskew Three Months after the United States was plunged into World War II with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the nation was on edge. From every theater the news was disheartening, and the citizens along the West Coast were particularly aware of their perceived vulnerability. At 7:05 PM on the evening of February 23, 1942, the Japanese submarine I-17 surfaced off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, and for 20 minutes the crew fired numerous shells from the 5.5-inch deck

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