Pope Urban II

The Battle of Al Mansourah and the Seventh Crusade, 1251

by Douglas Sterling

After a century and a half of efforts—with mixed success—by Western Europe to seize control of the Holy Land, the Seventh Crusade of 1250 led by Louis IX of France was the last best chance to change the political and military situation in the Eastern world before the Reformation. Read more

Crusaders battle the Seljuq Turks in the siege of Antioch, the final obstacle on their path to Jerusalem.

Pope Urban II

Deus le Veult! The Siege of Antioch

by John Murphy, Jr.

Shortly before dawn on June 3, 1098, Bohemund of Taranto, one of the leaders of the First Crusade and the survivor of many campaigns, stood in the shadow of the Tower of the Two Sisters, one of the strongest points in the defenses of the ancient city of Antioch. Read more