Military Heritage

December 2003

Volume 5, No. 3

Cover: The Battle of Waterloo: Cuirassiers Charging Highlanders by Felix Phillippoteaux. Courtesy of AKG-Images.

December 2003

Military Heritage

Philip vs Edward at the Battle of Crécy

By Robert Suhr

Philip of Valois, for long have we made suit before you by embassies and all other ways which we knew to be reasonable, to the end that you should be willing to have restored unto us our right, our heritage of France, which you have long kept back and most wrongfully occupied.” Read more

A U.S. PT boat goes up against a fleet of Japanese ships in the night action called the Battle of Surigao Strait. The Japanese ships were bent on destroying American forces assembled in the Philippines’ Leyte Gulf.

December 2003

Military Heritage

The Battle of Leyte Gulf: Oldendorf’s Textbook “Crossing the T”

By Donald J. Roberts II & Lawrence C. Schneider

In 1944, following the American victories in the South Pacific of operational commanders General Douglas MacArthur in western New Guinea and Admiral Chester Nimitz in the Marianas, American planners considered the next offensive against Japan’s empire. Read more

Nineteenth-century artist Felix Philippoteaux created this painting of one of the French cavalry charges against a British square. The first row of Scots set their rifle butts in the ground, presenting bayonets to the horses, which shied at the sight. Philippoteaux made the hills steeper than they actually are.

December 2003

Military Heritage

Charge After Charge

By Jonathan North

In June 1815, Napoleon’s insatiable appetite for war took him to the rye fields around Mont St. Jean and the little village of Waterloo. Read more

December 2003

Military Heritage, Communique

Armenians at Antioch

Dear Editor:

In your August 2003 issue John Murphy in an article titled “Deus le Veult!” discussed one of the most fascinating military operations in the history of the Crusades—the conquest of Antioch. Read more

December 2003

Military Heritage, Weapons

The Gatling Gun: A Civil War Innovation

By A.B. Feuer

Richard Gatling was born in Hertford County, NC, on December 12, 1818. His father was a prosperous farmer and inventor, and the son was destined to inherit the “invention bug.” Read more

Early 15th-century Italy was a caldron of warfare from which mercenaries like Bartolomeo Colleoni could make a name and a fortune. Below is a 1432 battle between Florentines and Sienese.

December 2003

Military Heritage, Soldiers

Bartolomeo Colleoni’s Art of War

By Jonathan North

Bartolomeo Colleoni was a Renaissance success story. A simple mercenary, he rose from obscurity to the most important position on the Italian peninsula: commander-in-chief of the armies of Venice. Read more

December 2003

Military Heritage, Intelligence

Byzantine Spies in the Byzantine–Sassanid Wars

By Arnold Blumberg

Byzantium, the successor state to ancient Rome, lasted over a thousand years. But it all could have been different because its first major enemy—Persia—was a fierce and determined competitor bent on the Empire’s demise. Read more

December 2003

Military Heritage, Militaria

Philadelphia Military Artifacts

By Eric Niderost

Philadelphia is an historic city, rich in monuments dating from America’s colonial, Revolutionary, and early national periods. As every schoolchild knows, the Declaration of Independence was approved in Philadephia, and the city served as the nation’s capital from 1790 to 1800. Read more

December 2003

Military Heritage, Books

The Archaeologist Was a Spy

By Lt. Col. Harold E. Raugh, Jr., Ph.D., U.S. Army (Ret.)

Sylvanus G. Morley (1883-1948) was considered the most influential and successful archaeologist of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. Read more

December 2003

Military Heritage, Games

The Battle Above the Clouds

By Eric T. Baker

Avalanche Press has two new games out. The first is Dave Powell’s War of the States: Chickamauga & Chattanooga, the second in the War of the States series. Read more