The ultra right-wing National Socialist German Workers Party, popularly known as the Nazi Party, was formed in 1920 and gained power in Germany through the nation’s electorate, winning seats in the Reichstag, or parliament, while its leader, Adolf Hitler, was appointed chancellor and later assumed dictatorial powers as the nation’s Führer, or leader. Hitler and the Nazis persecuted minorities, particularly the Jews, and initiated a system of extermination against them. The Nazis also plunged Europe into World War II with the invasion of Poland in 1939. After the war ended in 1945, the victorious Allies prosecuted numerous Nazis and former Nazis as war criminals. In modern Germany, strict laws apply to the display of any Nazi-related materials and the formation of any neo-Nazi political groups.
Theatricality and practicality combined to create the plethora of uniforms worn by the Nazis. More »
“Where there is muck, one gets dirty,” asserted Hitler’s chief architect and arms czar, Albert Speer. More »
The British Royal Air Force saved its island nation from invasion during the dark days of 1940 and the Battle of Britain. More »
Years after the Battle of the Bulge and the infamous Melmedy Massacre, Joachim Peiper died under mysterious circumstances in Traves, France. More »
Michael Prestianni served as a guard at Nuremberg as high-ranking Nazis stood trial for their lives. More »
The prospect of a Nazi atomic bomb is sobering, but German scientists themselves doomed the project to failure. More »
The sinking of a German liner resulted in the greatest loss of life on the high seas in history. More »
Although lives were continuing to be lost, German resistance in northern Europe crumbled in the spring of 1945. More »
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.
Elements of America’s 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) fought discrimination at home and captured the highest ranking Japanese officer in the Pacific.