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Nazi Party

The ultra right-wing National Socialist German Workers Party, popularly known as the Nazi Party, was formed in 1920 and gained power in Germany through the nation’s electorate, winning seats in the Reichstag, or parliament, while its leader, Adolf Hitler, was appointed chancellor and later assumed dictatorial powers as the nation’s Führer, or leader. Hitler and the Nazis persecuted minorities, particularly the Jews, and initiated a system of extermination against them. The Nazis also plunged Europe into World War II with the invasion of Poland in 1939. After the war ended in 1945, the victorious Allies prosecuted numerous Nazis and former Nazis as war criminals. In modern Germany, strict laws apply to the display of any Nazi-related materials and the formation of any neo-Nazi political groups.

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Lloyd Fredendall: The General Who Failed at the Kasserine Pass

Lloyd Fredendall: The General Who Failed at the Kasserine Pass

Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.

The Spies of Pearl Harbor

The Spies of Pearl Harbor

The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.

The 93rd Infantry Division: The Only African-American Division in the Pacific Theater

The 93rd Infantry Division: The Only African-American Division in the Pacific Theater

Elements of America’s 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) fought discrimination at home and captured the highest ranking Japanese officer in the Pacific.

Geronimo: Ruthless Apache Chief

Geronimo: Ruthless Apache Chief

Geronimo was a ruthless Apache warrior whose methods bedeviled the U.S. cavalry and frustrated many of his people.

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