When the Russian and Japanese armies faced off at Mukden, Manchuria, in February 1905, both nations understood what was at stake. The Russians faced revolution at home, while the Japanese were reaching the end of their tether. More »
French honor dictated that the nation continue fighting as long as the city of Paris held out against Prussian invaders. A pitiless siege ensued. More »
Although the Maginot Line did not prevent a German invasion, it forced Adolf Hitler’s generals to rethink their plans for conquest. More »
Wilhelm I, the accidental king of Prussia, became a reluctant German kaiser during Otto von Bismarck’s unification wars. More »
Rejected by the Navy, Benjamin ‘Benny’ Foulois ultimately went on to become the father of modern American air power. More »
France concluded World War I’s Triple Entente with Great Britain and Russia in response to the threat of German imperialism across the continent. More »
Russia, Great Britain, and France formed the Triple Entente as their common interests were threatened by the emergence of the Triple Alliance. More »
During WWI, Great Britain, France, and Imperial Russia sought to contain the threat of German expansion around the world with the Triple Entente. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.