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Ulysses S. Grant

One of the most famous generals of the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant was an 1843 graduate of the United States Military Academy. He served two terms as 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877. Prior to the Civil War, Grant left the army and proceeded to fail at farming and other enterprises. With the outbreak of war, he returned to the military and became an officer in the Union Army. Grant achieved fame with the surrender of Fort Donelson in February 1862, at Shiloh in April 1862, and later during the successful siege of Vicksburg, concluded on July 4, 1863. Although Grant had a reputation as a heavy drinker, Lincoln recognized that he was also a fighter and promoted him to command of all Union armies in the field in 1864. Grant conducted a relentless campaign of attrition against General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia from the spring of 1864 until the end of the war a year later. While the Union army sustained heavy casualties in such battles as the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor, Grant realized that the war would be won only when the Confederacy was no longer able to muster sufficient numbers of men to bear arms against the growing strength of the Union forces. With Lee’s surrender at Appomattox on April 9, 1865, Grant’s strategy was somewhat vindicated. Grant died of throat cancer in 1885 at the age of 63.

Fieldworks: An Essential Tool in the American Civil War

Fieldworks: An Essential Tool in the American Civil War

When no one was actively shooting at them, Civil War soldiers despised the hard physical labor required to construct fieldworks. As one officer of the 2nd Michigan Infantry recalled, “Soldiers would rather march all day than shovel for an hour.” Another Union soldier, Sergeant George Tipping of the 155th New   More »



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Charlie Bond’s Air Duels

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American Volunteer Group (AVG) pilot Charlie Bond fought the Japanese in the skies above China.

The Four Days’ Battle: A Dutch Triumph

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Admiral Michiel de Ruyter’s Dutch fleet overpowered Admiral General George Monck’s English fleet in a protracted naval clash in June 1666.

Military Intelligence: The Civil War Provost Guard

Military Intelligence: The Civil War Provost Guard

The Confederate provost guard functioned as a combination rear guard and prison keeper during the American Civil War.

May 8, 1945: V-E Day and the Surrender of Germany

May 8, 1945: V-E Day and the Surrender of Germany

Today, May 8, 1945 is known as ‘V-E Day,’ marking the surrender of Germany and the Axis powers in Europe.

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