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Vicksburg

The siege of Vicksburg occurred May 18 through July 4, 1863, during the Civil War. The Union Army of the Tennessee, under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, conducted a campaign for the capture of the city against the Confederate Army of Vicksburg, commanded by General John C. Pemberton. The fortified city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, commanded the passage of the Mississippi River from high bluffs, and Grant laid siege to the city after direct assaults failed. After 40 days, the Confederates were compelled to surrender. Along with the capture of Port Hudson, Louisiana, the fall of Vicksburg gave the Union control of the lower Mississippi River. The event coincided with the great Union victory at Gettysburg. Together, the triumphs at Vicksburg and Gettysburg doomed the Confederacy to defeat.



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