The siege of Vicksburg occurred May 18 through July 4, 1863, during the Civil War. The Union Army of the Tennessee, under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, conducted a campaign for the capture of the city against the Confederate Army of Vicksburg, commanded by General John C. Pemberton. The fortified city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, commanded the passage of the Mississippi River from high bluffs, and Grant laid siege to the city after direct assaults failed. After 40 days, the Confederates were compelled to surrender. Along with the capture of Port Hudson, Louisiana, the fall of Vicksburg gave the Union control of the lower Mississippi River. The event coincided with the great Union victory at Gettysburg. Together, the triumphs at Vicksburg and Gettysburg doomed the Confederacy to defeat.
On June 19, 1864, the fabled CSS Alabama sailed out of the harbor in Cherbourg, France, to confront the USS Kearsarge, which was blockading the port. More »
After weeks of mourning the death of Abraham Lincoln, the nation’s capital hosted a two-day Grand Review of its victorious armies. More »
Politician-general Nathaniel Bank’s grand design to capture Shreveport floundered in the mud of the treacherous Red River in the spring of 1864. More »
Fort Fisher was vital to the survival of Wilmington, North Carolina, and Wilmington was vital to the survival of the Confederacy. More »
On April 17, 1863, Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson led his cavalrymen southward from La Grange, Tennessee, into northern Mississippi on a daring raid. More »
A sizable minority of Southerner, particularly in Tennessee, Missouri, and Kentucky, did not support the Confederacy. More »
Following the Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga, Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside squared off against Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet. More »
The hard-fighting brigade of Kentucky Confederates etched a remarkable chapter in Civil War history as the ultimate example of divided loyalties. More »
As World War II turned against Hitler, he became desperate to develop weapons that might turn the tide. Some of the technologically advanced systems proved to be devastating.
From the Colmar to the Rhine, Sergeant Carl Erickson fought World War II as a tank driver with the 12th Armored Division.