Tag: Ulysses S. Grant

One of the most famous generals of the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant was an 1843 graduate of the United States Military Academy. He served two terms as 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877. Prior to the Civil War, Grant left the army and proceeded to fail at farming and other enterprises. With the outbreak of war, he returned to the military and became an officer in the Union Army. Grant achieved fame with the surrender of Fort Donelson in February 1862, at Shiloh in April 1862, and later during the successful siege of Vicksburg, concluded on July 4, 1863. Although Grant had a reputation as a heavy drinker, Lincoln recognized that he was also a fighter and promoted him to command of all Union armies in the field in 1864. Grant conducted a relentless campaign of attrition against General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia from the spring of 1864 until the end of the war a year later. While the Union army sustained heavy casualties in such battles as the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor, Grant realized that the war would be won only when the Confederacy was no longer able to muster sufficient numbers of men to bear arms against the growing strength of the Union forces. With Lee’s surrender at Appomattox on April 9, 1865, Grant’s strategy was somewhat vindicated. Grant died of throat cancer in 1885 at the age of 63.

  • Civil War

Death of Legendary Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart

Confederate Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown Stuart, commander of the cavalry corps of the Army…

  • Civil War

The Worst Civil War Generals and Commanders

During the American Civil War, there were nearly 900 officers in non-militia service who were…

  • Civil War

“Put the Boys In”: Confederate Cadets at the Battle of New Market

After Union General Franz Sigel moved into the Shenandoah valley in 1864, Confederate forces fell…

  • Civil War

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain: Sherman’s Futile Assault

Pressured to pry General Joseph E. Johnston from Kennesaw Mountain in June 1864, Maj. Gen.…

  • Civil War

General Phillip Sheridan and the Battle of Winchester

Ulysses S. Grant sent feisty General Philip Sheridan to wrest control of the Shenandoah Valley…

  • Civil War

The Grand Review of 1865

After weeks of mourning the death of Abraham Lincoln, the nation’s capital hosted a two-day…

  • Civil War

Black Thursday at Sayler’s Creek

With Confederate forces in full retreat, alert Union forces charged through a gap in the…

  • Civil War

End Game at Appomattox

In April 1865, the Army of Northern Virginia tried to escape U.S. Grant’s Federal armies,…

  • Civil War

The Disastrous Red River Campaign

Politician-general Nathaniel Bank’s grand design to capture Shreveport floundered in the mud of the treacherous…

  • Civil War

Grierson’s Raid: Wrecking the Railroad With the Butternut Guerrillas

On April 17, 1863, Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson led his cavalrymen southward from La Grange,…