Signed June 28, 1919, the Treaty of Versailles formally ended World War I between Germany and the Allied nations and placed the blame for the war and its tremendous cost in lives and treasure on Germany. The treaty included more than 400 clauses that restricted German military and economic activities after the war, including the cession of territory and the payment of huge war reparations the Allied nations.
With a long tradition of military excellence, the German Army was harnessed for conquest by Hitler and the Nazis. More »
British interests in Europe clashed with American strategy in WWII. How the clash influenced the making of the Iron Curtain is debated to this day. More »
Adolf Hitler remains the personification of evil. But who was the man behind the persona? The new WHN Adolf Hitler Special Issue gives the answers. More »
In World War II, total war served as ideological vindication for competing nations of dramatically different political systems. More »
Locked in a life-or-death struggle with Bolshevik Russia, Poland used its intelligence-gathering and code-breaking abilities to preserve the nation. More »
Adolf Galland flew countless sorties, led the Luftwaffe fighter arm, and defied Reichsmarshal Hermann Göring. More »
Thousands of pack animals and cavalry horses in WWII labored in the German Army, and many were killed in combat or slaughtered by starving soldiers. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.