The Industrial Age combined with American ingenuity to form special units during the Civil War. Horse artillery, sharpshooters, sappers, and miners were used for specialized duties during the war. More »
A confident Spanish army invaded France in May 1643 to take advantage of Louis XIV’s extreme youth. It hardly expected to meet an army led by as gifted a commander as the Duke of Enghien on the high ground outside of Rocroi. More »
A Swedish-led Protestant army marched to the rescue of Nordlinger. But first it would have to pry the Catholic enemy from heights above the city. More »
While musket volley fire was used often during 17th and 18th-century warfare, the methods of delivery of that firepower frequently diverged. More »
The red-coated English infantry at Dunkirk ironically held the balance of power between two French political factions in the seemingly endless Wars of the Fronde. More »
In the summer of 1675, Swedish troops led by Marshal Karl Wrangel invaded the German principality of Brandenburg. More »
Only a supremely foolish commander would set his army splashing across a river in full view of the enemy. The Duke of Marlborough was no one’s fool. More »
With the help of Catholic mercenaries on both sides, the fate of the English crown would be decided on the marshy banks of the Boyne River. More »
Because of the calamity that had befallen his family during the Thirty Years War, Prince Rupert would lead a life of exile and master the art of war. More »
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.
Elements of America’s 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) fought discrimination at home and captured the highest ranking Japanese officer in the Pacific.