In late 1941, a German thrust toward the city of Rostov and the River Don was blunted by strong Soviet counterattacks. More »
Jugurtha, king of Numidia, was a bitter enemy of Rome, using swiftness and cunning to outwit various Roman consuls for more than a decade. More »
Augustus Caesar’s stepson, and the first Roman general to conquer Germania, founding many of the greatest cities on the Rhine. More »
The personality, motivations, and even accomplishments of Portuguese Dictator Antonio Salazar are still the subject of intense controversy and debate. More »
The Praetorian Guard, an elite corps of soldiers in the Late Republic, became the most famous and controversial unit in the Imperial Army. More »
A much-feared hand-held weapon, the crossbow was once banned by the Catholic Church. However, it remained a staple of medieval warfare for centuries. More »
In AD 678, outside the storied walls of Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire unleashed its new secret war weapon upon the invading Saracen fleet: Greek Fire. More »
The Byzantine Empire, successor to ancient Rome, lasted over a thousand years. This was no thanks to Persia, Byzantium’s first major enemy and major rival. More »
Having gambled all for love, Mark Antony sent his warships into the Ionian Sea for one last toss of the dice at Actium. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.