Probably the most deadly weapon used before the invention of firearms, the Roman gladius terrorized the Western world for seven hundred years. More »
Fighting with the gladius was hard work, and for a Roman phalanx, combat was very much a physically demanding proposition. More »
The Praetorian Guard, an elite corps of soldiers in the Late Republic, became the most famous and controversial unit in the Imperial Army. More »
Against a confident enemy in the Samnites, the leaders of the Roman Republic crafted a combined strategy of military force and political co-option. More »
At Asculum, mercenary general Pyrrhus of Epirus faced a rejuvenated Roman army eager to drive him out of Italy. He had one more trick up his sleeve. More »
Throughout history, civilians—willingly or not—have been called upon to take up arms for their countries. It’s always the young who are taken first. More »
Trajan, Emperor of Rome, was a tough and meticulous general as well as a capable administrator and builder. More »
It is easy to see the glories of Rome, but it is just as important to bear in mind the horrors committed for the sake of the Empire. More »
A “barracks roof” and a “cheese box” met in March 1862 at Hampton Roads. The pioneer ironclads pounded each other with their heavy guns.
Although the bow and javelin are more famous ancient weapons, the sling was just as important to the skirmishers of old.