Tag: Robert E. Lee

A former superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, Robert E. Lee is perhaps the most famous general officer of the Civil War. A Virginian, Lee was offered command of all Union forces at the outbreak of the war but refused and resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, unable to raise his hand against his native state, which had seceded. As the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Lee became a legend, taking great risks and winning several major battles due to his audacity and the battlefield competence of lieutenants such as Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and James Longstreet. However, modern historians have criticized his performance at the Battle of Gettysburg. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, on April 9, 1865. After the Civil War, Lee became president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. He died in 1870 at the age of 63, and the college was renamed Washington & Lee in his honor.

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The Battle of Rich Mountain

George B. McClellan forced the Confederates in northwestern Virginia to retreat into the Alleghenies in…

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Antietam National Battlefield to Receive Trump Donation

A generous donation from President Donald Trump will go toward maintaining the site of the…

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Robert S. Garnett: First General to Die in the Civil War

On July 13, 1861, Confederate General Robert S. Garnett fell to Yankee bullets in the…

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The Worst Civil War Generals and Commanders

During the American Civil War, there were nearly 900 officers in non-militia service who were…

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“Put the Boys In”: Confederate Cadets at the Battle of New Market

After Union General Franz Sigel moved into the Shenandoah valley in 1864, Confederate forces fell…

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Harpers Ferry: The Rise of Robert E. Lee and J.E.B. Stuart

In October 1859, Robert E. Lee and J.E.B. Stuart of the U.S. Army helped take…

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“Keep to your Sabers, Men”: J.E.B. Stuart’s Charge at Gettysburg

Robert E. Lee’s Confederate cavalry prepared a last desperate charge on the Union lines at…

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Battle of Kennesaw Mountain: Sherman’s Futile Assault

Pressured to pry General Joseph E. Johnston from Kennesaw Mountain in June 1864, Maj. Gen.…

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Bushrod Johnson: Yankee Quaker, Confederate General

Bushrod Johnson found fame as a Confederate general in the Civil War. An unlikely destiny…

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General Phillip Sheridan and the Battle of Winchester

Ulysses S. Grant sent feisty General Philip Sheridan to wrest control of the Shenandoah Valley…