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Robert E. Lee

A former superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, Robert E. Lee is perhaps the most famous general officer of the Civil War. A Virginian, Lee was offered command of all Union forces at the outbreak of the war but refused and resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, unable to raise his hand against his native state, which had seceded. As the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Lee became a legend, taking great risks and winning several major battles due to his audacity and the battlefield competence of lieutenants such as Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and James Longstreet. However, modern historians have criticized his performance at the Battle of Gettysburg. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, on April 9, 1865. After the Civil War, Lee became president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. He died in 1870 at the age of 63, and the college was renamed Washington & Lee in his honor.

Issue Previews

Low Level, No Guns

Low Level, No Guns

The great B-29 Tokyo Firebomb Mission of March 1945 killed more than 100,000 Japanese but may have won the war in the Pacific.

Howard W. Gilmore and the USS Growler: Making the Ultimate Sacrifice

Howard W. Gilmore and the USS Growler: Making the Ultimate Sacrifice

The U.S. Navy called the incident involving Howard W. Gilmore and the USS Growler ‘the most famous act of self-sacrifice known to the U.S. submarine service.’

Photographing the Battle of Antietam

Photographing the Battle of Antietam

Some raw, others heartfelt, the photographs Mathew Brady and his team took at the Battle of Antietam set milestones for battlefield photography.

Normandy’s Little Victims

Normandy’s Little Victims

In the October 2014 issue of WWII History Magazine, you’ll see rare photographs of French children who struggled to cope with the hardships of war.

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