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Robert E. Lee

A former superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, Robert E. Lee is perhaps the most famous general officer of the Civil War. A Virginian, Lee was offered command of all Union forces at the outbreak of the war but refused and resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, unable to raise his hand against his native state, which had seceded. As the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Lee became a legend, taking great risks and winning several major battles due to his audacity and the battlefield competence of lieutenants such as Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and James Longstreet. However, modern historians have criticized his performance at the Battle of Gettysburg. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, on April 9, 1865. After the Civil War, Lee became president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. He died in 1870 at the age of 63, and the college was renamed Washington & Lee in his honor.

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Wilson’s Creek: Bull Run of the West

Wilson’s Creek: Bull Run of the West

Led by the impetuous General Nathaniel Lyon, Union forces pursued retreating Confederates across southwestern Missouri in the summer of 1861. At Wilson’s Creek, Lyon caught up with the enemy on aptly named Bloody Hill.

The Dogs of War

The Dogs of War

Dogs were used on all fronts and in a variety of roles during World War II.

Defending the USS Lexington: Action Off Bougainville

Defending the USS Lexington: Action Off Bougainville

In early 1942, a furious air-sea battle in the Solomons set the stage for Pacific Theater combat yet to come.

Me-262: The Beginning of the Jet Fighter Age

Me-262: The Beginning of the Jet Fighter Age

The Luftwaffe sent the Me-262 jet fighter aloft in the final months of World War II in a vain effort to challenge Allied air superiority.

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