Spanish dictator Francisco Franco held Hitler and the Nazi regime at arm’s length throughout the war. More »
Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain disdained election as president, but became chief of Vichy France anyway. More »
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.
Elements of America’s 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) fought discrimination at home and captured the highest ranking Japanese officer in the Pacific.