Popularly known as the North Vietnamese Army, or NVA, the communist People’s Army of Vietnam today includes nearly a half million ground troops. Organized initially as the Viet Minh during the mid-1940s, the People’s Army of Vietnam opposed the Japanese during World War II and later fought against the reintroduction of French colonial rule. Ultimately, the People’s Army of Vietnam and its Viet Cong allies fought American and South Vietnamese forces during the latter phase of the Vietnam War from 1959 to 1975.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.