Operation Barbarossa was the German code name for the invasion of the Soviet Union that occurred along a front of approximately 1,000 miles on June 22, 1941. Although initially successful with German forces occupying thousands of miles of Soviet territory and inflicting devastating losses on the Red Army, the invasion of the Soviet Union hastened the defeat of Nazi Germany, and resurgent Soviet troops conquered Berlin in 1945.
A Russian artist showed the world his perspective of Germany’s brutal invasion of the Soviet Union. More »
SS tanker Michael Wittmann became the most famous armor ace of World War II and died in the process. More »
Expatriated Russians and others who fought to liberate their homeland during World War II were summarily executed when the war was over. More »
The Red Army had saved Moscow, but a subsequent offensive near Kharkov and Izyum ended in disaster in the spring of 1942. More »
Joseph Stalin’s crony, Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov, became the disgraced First Marshal of the Soviet Union, but always survived. More »
In an undeclared war on the Mongolia-Manchukuo border in 1939, the Soviets unleashed a combined arms assault on the Japanese. More »
In late 1941, a German thrust toward the city of Rostov and the River Don was blunted by strong Soviet counterattacks. More »
Russian partisans took a heavy toll in German lives and tied down troops needed to fight the advancing Red Army during World War II. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.