The barren shell pocked killing ground between opposing trench lines during World War I was named No Man’s Land. At times, Allied and German troops went “over the top,” attempting to cross No Man’s Land and breach the enemy’s trenches. Often, the result was a bloody repulse with horrific casualties and little or no territorial gain.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.