During a lengthy trip abroad in the summer of 1969, President Richard Nixon released a statement during a brief stopover on the island of Guam in the Pacific. The statement, delivered on July 25, became known as the Nixon Doctrine and indicated that the United States expected Asian nations to develop and sustain their own armed forces for the purpose of defense. At the time, the United States was embroiled in the Vietnam War, and the Nixon Doctrine supported the administration’s policy of “Vietnamization” to facilitate American withdrawal from Vietnam.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.