The portable M2 flamethrower entered service with U.S. troops during World War II and was common in the military until the late 1970s. Carried by one soldier, the M2 fired a 7-second burst of flame a maximum distance of 132 feet. The flame was produced and propelled with a combination of a 2-gallon gasoline tank paired with a nitrogen tank, and the 43-pound apparatus was worn on the soldier’s back.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.