Norway’s King Harald Hardradi, known as ‘the Land Waster,’ came close to conquering England before William the Conqueror in 1066. More »
Tested and tempered in the fires of the Crusades, the heavily armored Knights of the Teutonic Order faced ragtag Russian forces at Lake Peipus. More »
The French rushed in to confront an English Army determined to stand its ground at the 1346 Battle of Crécy. More »
The Scots relied on a crushing charge during The Battle of the Standard that pit them against the English. More »
King Henry III rallies loyalists in 1265 in the attempt to wrest power from the English barons and Simon de Montfort. More »
In 1571, Don Juan set out to confront the Muslim fleet Lepanto. But what kind of soldiers did he battle with?
The armies that gathered on June 18, 1053 for the Battle of Civitate, or Civitella del Fortore, were not so disparate as the numbers might indicate. More »
The Battles of Courtrai, Bannockburn, Laupen and Sempach proved that Polearms in the hands of infantry could hold their own against cavalry. More »
With the flower of Scots chivalry dug in atop Flodden Hill, English Lord Howard proposed to outflank the enemy in broad daylight—with his entire army. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.