Formed in 1933, the Gestapo served as the secret police in Nazi Germany. The term Gestapo is an abbreviation for Geheime Staatspolizei, or secret state police. During the Nazi era, the Gestapo actively hunted actual and perceived enemies of the state, including political opponents, Jews, and others deemed to be subversive.
Operation Jericho was a desperate attempt to disrupt the planned executions of French Resistance prisoners. More »
The ruthless Reinhard Hydric, responsible for the murder of many, was himself assassinated in Prague in 1942. More »
Although lives were continuing to be lost, German resistance in northern Europe crumbled in the spring of 1945. More »
A young German girl enrolled in a Nazi youth organization, survived the war, and made her way to the United States. More »
The fall of Berlin signaled the end of Nazi Germany and its reign of terror in occupied Europe. More »
SS War criminal Otto Ohlendorf cited untenable defenses during his trial for atrocities on the eastern front. More »
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.
Elements of America’s 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) fought discrimination at home and captured the highest ranking Japanese officer in the Pacific.