Situated on the Tennessee River in upper Middle Tennessee, Fort Henry was constructed in 1861. During the Civil War, its capture on February 6, 1862, provided a significant early victory for the Union during the Civil War and opened the Tennessee River to Union movement beyond the Alabama state line. Union General Ulysses S. Grant had planned a ground assault against Fort Henry while gunboats of the Union Navy shelled the fort from the river. However, the Confederates surrendered Fort Henry prior to the commencement of the land assault. From Fort Henry, Grant marched to Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River.
Even before Fort Donelson, Ulysses S. Grant showed himself bold and aggressive at the Battle of Belmont. More »
This American Civil War timeline covers the events of 1862, in which Confederate forces in Virginia and the Union navy both experienced substantial success. More »
John Pope used geography, intelligence, engineering, and sweat—with a big dose of courage from the Carondelet—to crack the nut of Island No. 10 More »
The Industrial Age combined with American ingenuity to form special units during the Civil War. Horse artillery, sharpshooters, sappers, and miners were used for specialized duties during the war.
Led by the impetuous General Nathaniel Lyon, Union forces pursued retreating Confederates across southwestern Missouri in the summer of 1861. At Wilson’s Creek, Lyon caught up with the enemy on aptly named Bloody Hill.