The culmination of the 1975 spring offensive by the communist People’s Army of Vietnam, popularly known as the North Vietnamese Army, and the allied National Liberation Front of South Vietnam, generally referred to as the Viet Cong, the fall of Saigon includes the capture of the Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by communist forces and the establishment of a unified Vietnam under communist rule. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War. The iconic image of the fall of Saigon was captured on April 30, 1975, as a North Vietnamese tank smashed through the gates of the South Vietnamese Presidential Palace.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.