Implemented prior to World War II, first as prison camps that detained political opponents of the Nazis, the concentration camps were expanded later to imprison Jews and other minorities and perceived enemies of the state. Several of these camps were involved in the Final Solution, housing gas chambers in which millions of prisoners were murdered, and crematoria in which the bodies were burned. Among the most infamous of the concentration camps were Auschwitz, Dachau, Buchenwald, Sobibor, Mauthausen, and Ravensbrück. After World War II, many Nazis and their accomplices were tried for crimes against humanity for their administration of the concentration camps in which millions died and others were imprisoned, used as forced labor, beaten, and systematically starved.
The U.S. 83rd Infantry blazed a trail of courage from the hedgerows of France to the Hürtgen Forest and wars end at the Elbe. More »
Shifty Powers, one of the “Band of Brothers,” recalls how he survived the war without a scratch, only to be nearly killed at war’s end. More »
After escaping from Germany and Austria, a number of Jews joined the Allied armies to take back their former homelands from the Nazis. More »
The forced relocation of Japanese Americans during World War II was a blot on the nation’s moral authority. More »
The grim but necessary task of caring the the war dead was the responsibility of the Army’s graves registration units. More »
From Hitler loyalist to anti-Hitler plotter, the wily Nazi SS chief played a double game in 1945–just as he always had. More »
After liberating the Nazi concentration camps, many veterans are still dealing with the psychological aftermath. More »
Even during the darkest days of the war, the morale-lifting business of sport went on in the United States, Britian, Germany, and elsewhere. More »
As World War II turned against Hitler, he became desperate to develop weapons that might turn the tide. Some of the technologically advanced systems proved to be devastating.
From the Colmar to the Rhine, Sergeant Carl Erickson fought World War II as a tank driver with the 12th Armored Division.