Implemented prior to World War II, first as prison camps that detained political opponents of the Nazis, the concentration camps were expanded later to imprison Jews and other minorities and perceived enemies of the state. Several of these camps were involved in the Final Solution, housing gas chambers in which millions of prisoners were murdered, and crematoria in which the bodies were burned. Among the most infamous of the concentration camps were Auschwitz, Dachau, Buchenwald, Sobibor, Mauthausen, and Ravensbrück. After World War II, many Nazis and their accomplices were tried for crimes against humanity for their administration of the concentration camps in which millions died and others were imprisoned, used as forced labor, beaten, and systematically starved.
From Hitler loyalist to anti-Hitler plotter, the wily Nazi SS chief played a double game in 1945–just as he always had. More »
After liberating the Nazi concentration camps, many veterans are still dealing with the psychological aftermath. More »
Even during the darkest days of the war, the morale-lifting business of sport went on in the United States, Britian, Germany, and elsewhere. More »
Four years before Operation Barossa, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union duked it out at the Paris World Exposition. More »
Elite German commando Otto Skorzeny was given the mission to eliminate Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt when they met together in Tehran. More »
A young German girl enrolled in a Nazi youth organization, survived the war, and made her way to the United States. More »
General Stanislaw Sosabowski found his Parachute Brigade entangled in political wrangling and without opportunity to fight as he saw fit. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.