The Border Campaign of 1950 was launched in February of that year and resulted in a series of Viet Minh victories against French forces along the Vietnamese border with the People’s Republic of China. Viet Minh forces under General Vo Nguyen Giap received substantial supplies from China and the Soviet Union and defeated the French at Lai Khe, Dong Khe, Cao Bang, and Lang Son and destroyed a French airborne battalion south of Cao Bang. Retreating French troops were repeatedly ambushed along Route 4, and by the time they reached the safety of the Red River Delta, the French had suffered 6,800 killed, wounded, and missing.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.