A pivotal engagement of the North African campaign during World War II, the Battle of El Alamein, fought October 23 through November 4, 1942, and sometimes referred to as the Second Battle of El Alamein, resulted in a victory for General Bernard Montgomery and the British Eighth Army over the German and Italian forces of Panzerarmee Afrika led by General Erwin Rommel. The reinforced British and Commonwealth troops had been in retreat before pausing in the Egyptian desert about 50 miles west of the port city of Alexandria. With substantial reinforcements, the British launched their decisive attack against depleted Axis forces whose supply lines were tenuous at best. Subsequently, the British chased the Germans and Italians westward along the Mediterranean coast of Africa and across more than 1,000 miles of desert.
Major General Eric Dorman-Smith was an architect of the strategy that won the first battle of El Alamein in June 1942. More »
General Hobart’s Funnies were specially designed armored vehicles that contributed to the Allied victory in Europe. More »
The American-built Sherman medium tank was admittedly inferior to its German opponents. Yet, it won the war in Northwest Europe through shear numbers. More »
Free French forces under General Jacques Leclerc upheld the honor of France during World War II. More »
Brian G. Horrocks survived a grievous wound and led the British forces in North Africa and Western Europe.
Prior to his arrival in North Africa, the British commander primarily led Indian troops and performed well in difficult circumstances during the campaign in Norway. More »
A joint U.S. Army and Royal Navy force attempted a coup de main on Algiers harbor in the opening hours of Operation Torch. More »
The Industrial Age combined with American ingenuity to form special units during the Civil War. Horse artillery, sharpshooters, sappers, and miners were used for specialized duties during the war.
Led by the impetuous General Nathaniel Lyon, Union forces pursued retreating Confederates across southwestern Missouri in the summer of 1861. At Wilson’s Creek, Lyon caught up with the enemy on aptly named Bloody Hill.