After cementing his rule over Mongolia, Genghis Khan led his Mongol hordes south to invade China.
Prime Minister Winston Churchill labeled Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, as such. More »
Caliph Harun al-Rashid’s two sons carried on a fratricidal power struggle that devastated Baghdad in the ninth century. More »
At Ankara, Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, nicknamed the Thunderbolt, confronted Mongol leader Tamerlane, who had his own nickname— Prince of Destruction. More »
A coup d’état opened the Middle East oil fields to the Nazis. Seizing them would be a tremendous prize. More »
The taking and keeping of Rashid Ali’s Iraq in the Nazi fold could very likely have led to an Axis coup in neighboring Persia. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.