A graduate of the West Point class of 1847, General Ambrose Burnside commanded the Union Army of the Potomac during the disastrous Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. During the course of the Civil War, Burnside twice refused command of the army but finally accepted, although he considered himself ill equipped for such a high level of responsibility. Burnside was a likable individual, and his distinctive facial hair resulted in the word “sideburns” entering American lexicon. Burnside commanded Union troops at Antietam, during campaigns in East Tennessee, at the Battle of the Crater during the siege of Petersburg, and elsewhere. After the war, Burnside was elected to the U.S. Senate from the state of Rhode Island. He died in 1881 at the age of 57.
America’s bloodiest day began with heavy fighting that ravaged a previously innocuous cornfield in western Maryland. More »
For three weeks Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s Confederate cavalry raided across Indiana and Ohio, destroying railroads, bridges and private property. More »
Following the Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga, Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside squared off against Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet. More »
Starting with the first Battle of Bull Run, the United States Marine Corps took part in several significant battles on land and at sea during the Civil War. More »
The Union Army of the Potomac’s artillery reserve used massed cannons to provide concentrated and sustained firepower. More »
After a breathtaking forced march, A.P. Hill’s Light Division still had more than enough fight left in it to turn the tide of battle at Antietam. More »
After crossing the North Anna River, Ulysses S. Grant’s Union forces headed toward Cold Harbor. More »
As Abraham Lincoln lay dying, Secretary of War Edwing Stanton assumed virtually dictatorial control of the stunned Federal government. More »
While Confederate defenders at Petersburg manned their lines in the predawn hours of July 30, 1864, a long fuse sputtered in the earth beneath them. More »
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.