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Adolf Hitler

Born in Braunau, Austria, Adolf Hitler rose to lead the Nazi Party in the early 1920s and was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933. Upon the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler abolished that office and consolidated power in himself while suspending basic freedoms, such as those of the press and assembly. Hitler assumed the title of Führer, or leader, and became a totalitarian dictator. He repudiated the Treaty of Versailles, rearmed and expanded the German military, and pursued an aggressive persecution of Jews and other minorities. Hitler led Germany to ruin in World War II. Following the nation’s defeat in the spring of 1945, it was partitioned, East and West, for nearly 50 years. At the age of 56, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in the Führerbunker in Berlin as troops of the Soviet Red Army advanced through the streets of the German capital.

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The Supermarine Spitfire and the Battle of Britain

The Supermarine Spitfire and the Battle of Britain

The Supermarine Spitfire was Britain’s first line of defense in the Battle of Britain in 1940. Afterward it helped the Allies turn the tide of war on multiple fronts.

The Greatest High Seas Duel of the American Civil War

The Greatest High Seas Duel of the American Civil War

The clash between the CSS Alabama and the USS Kearsarge would become the greatest high seas confrontation of the entire Civil War.

The Port Chicago Disaster: The Largest Mutiny Trial in U.S. History

The Port Chicago Disaster: The Largest Mutiny Trial in U.S. History

When a massive explosion shook Port Chicago, a key naval depot near San Francisco, the shockwaves set off the largest mutiny trial in U.S. history.

Bastogne Must Fall: Hitler’s 72-Hour Gamble in the Ardennes Forest

Bastogne Must Fall: Hitler’s 72-Hour Gamble in the Ardennes Forest

In his offensive gamble in the Ardennes in late 1944, Adolf Hitler gave the German 5th Panzer Army just 72 hours to reach the Meuse River. But he failed to factor in American grit.

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