Born in Braunau, Austria, Adolf Hitler rose to lead the Nazi Party in the early 1920s and was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933. Upon the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler abolished that office and consolidated power in himself while suspending basic freedoms, such as those of the press and assembly. Hitler assumed the title of Führer, or leader, and became a totalitarian dictator. He repudiated the Treaty of Versailles, rearmed and expanded the German military, and pursued an aggressive persecution of Jews and other minorities. Hitler led Germany to ruin in World War II. Following the nation’s defeat in the spring of 1945, it was partitioned, East and West, for nearly 50 years. At the age of 56, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in the Führerbunker in Berlin as troops of the Soviet Red Army advanced through the streets of the German capital.
Julius Streicher, who hanged himself with his pen, may well have been the most despised man of World War II on either side. More »
The hilltop compound near Weimar was one of the Nazis’ most notorious WWII concentration camps until its liberation on April 11, 1945. More »
Königsberg, the German cruiser, made history during the Nazi invasion of Norway. Read all about it below. More »
The 1st SS Panzer Division fought for its life to escape the closing Falaise Pocket during the weeks after the D-day Invasion. More »
An enigmatic beauty, Inga Arvad may have worked for the Nazis and involved a future U.S. president in a web of intrigue. More »
Leon Degrelle was the most famous foreign volunteer in the German Army. So was he a traitor, or a hero? More »
With victory at Stalingrad close at hand, the Soviets launched Operation Gallop to liberate the Lower Don Basin. More »
A “barracks roof” and a “cheese box” met in March 1862 at Hampton Roads. The pioneer ironclads pounded each other with their heavy guns.
Although the bow and javelin are more famous ancient weapons, the sling was just as important to the skirmishers of old.