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Adolf Hitler

Born in Braunau, Austria, Adolf Hitler rose to lead the Nazi Party in the early 1920s and was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933. Upon the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler abolished that office and consolidated power in himself while suspending basic freedoms, such as those of the press and assembly. Hitler assumed the title of Führer, or leader, and became a totalitarian dictator. He repudiated the Treaty of Versailles, rearmed and expanded the German military, and pursued an aggressive persecution of Jews and other minorities. Hitler led Germany to ruin in World War II. Following the nation’s defeat in the spring of 1945, it was partitioned, East and West, for nearly 50 years. At the age of 56, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in the Führerbunker in Berlin as troops of the Soviet Red Army advanced through the streets of the German capital.

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Manned Submarines: Italy’s Daredevil Torpedo Riders

Manned Submarines: Italy’s Daredevil Torpedo Riders

Numerous nations developed manned submersibles to attack enemy shipping during World War II and achieved some notable successes.

Profiles: Louis Antoine de Bougainville

Profiles: Louis Antoine de Bougainville

Louis Antoine de Bougainville made a name for himself fighting in the forested wilds of North America and circumnavigating the globe.

An Occurrence at Wrightsville Bridge

An Occurrence at Wrightsville Bridge

A 15-minute skirmish at Wrightsville Bridge had a lasting impact on the Battle of Gettysburg and, by extension, the entire American Civil War.

Bringing Them Home: Operation Magic Carpet

Bringing Them Home: Operation Magic Carpet

Operation Magic Carpet brought Allied fighting men and women home from the battlefields of Europe and Asia.

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