Born in Braunau, Austria, Adolf Hitler rose to lead the Nazi Party in the early 1920s and was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933. Upon the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler abolished that office and consolidated power in himself while suspending basic freedoms, such as those of the press and assembly. Hitler assumed the title of Führer, or leader, and became a totalitarian dictator. He repudiated the Treaty of Versailles, rearmed and expanded the German military, and pursued an aggressive persecution of Jews and other minorities. Hitler led Germany to ruin in World War II. Following the nation’s defeat in the spring of 1945, it was partitioned, East and West, for nearly 50 years. At the age of 56, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in the Führerbunker in Berlin as troops of the Soviet Red Army advanced through the streets of the German capital.
“Where there is muck, one gets dirty,” asserted Hitler’s chief architect and arms czar, Albert Speer. More »
A carefully crafted German plan caught an overconfident adversary off guard at the gates of Berlin, but overwhelming odds ensured a Russian victory. More »
SS tanker Michael Wittmann became the most famous armor ace of World War II and died in the process. More »
Like the Allied Sherman Tanks, Tiger Tanks and other German armored units were a benefit and an impediment during the Battle of the Bulge. More »
Despite its high production numbers, the Hawker Typhoon 1A and 1B were both plagued by a series of design and technical problems. More »
Expatriated Russians and others who fought to liberate their homeland during World War II were summarily executed when the war was over. More »
Elements of America’s 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) fought discrimination at home and captured the highest ranking Japanese officer in the Pacific.
Geronimo was a ruthless Apache warrior whose methods bedeviled the U.S. cavalry and frustrated many of his people.
Audacious panzer ace Michael Wittmann and a force of heavy Tiger tanks destroyed a British armored column at this once peaceful Norman village.