After the Viet Minh defeat of French forces at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, the 17th Parallel, a latitude line 17 degrees north of the equator, was proposed as the dividing line between North and South Vietnam with a demilitarized zone (DMZ) on either side. The proposal was made by officials of the People’s Republic of China during the 1954 Geneva Conference.
During WWII, the unique civilian organization did much to boost the morale of soldiers at home and abroad.
Acclaimed General Lloyd Fredendall lost his command after the debacle at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu.