Download FREE briefings. Have an account? Please log in. Text Size: A A A

Bloody Tarawa: Betio’s Lagoon

WWII

Bloody Tarawa: Betio’s Lagoon

The Japanese defenders of Tarawa had constructed a labyrinth of pillboxes, blockhouses, and machine gun nests with interlocking fire. Here, moments after landing, members of E Company, 8th Marines find themselves under withering fire.

Assessing Japanese strength and troop dispositions, Marine planners chose the beaches of Betio’s lagoon.

By John Wukovits

Colonel Merritt A. Edson, the 2nd Marine Division’s chief of staff, and Colonel David M. Shoup designed a simple plan to seize Betio—land along its northern beaches, drive straight across the narrow island, and kill the defenders. They selected the northern (lagoon) side rather than the southern (ocean) side beaches as the sites for the landings because even though the southern beaches offered better landing conditions—relatively straight beaches with few places for the Japanese to mount crossfire—the Japanese had placed their sturdiest defenses along that stretch of sand.

Killing Adolf Hitler

The many plots to assassinate the madman responsible for the death of millions... Get your copy of Warfare History Network’s FREE Special Report, Killing Adolf Hitler

 

Shoup and Edson figured that the lagoon side would be calmer than the ocean side, which absorbed the harsher ocean currents, and they assumed that the Japanese would delay completing the lagoon defenses until all else was finished, as they needed to use the long pier stretching from the northern beaches to the reef to bring in supplies.

The landing zone contained three adjoining 500-yard sectors stretching from the extreme west end of the island to just beyond the pier in the middle, Beaches Red 1, Red 2, and Red 3, Bowen’s beach.

The straightforward plan contained drawbacks. The Marines had to attack superbly trained soldiers waiting in camouflaged, reinforced bunkers. The tiny island, unlike the larger Guadalcanal, offered little room for maneuver.

That left one tactic at their disposal—simple and brutal.

They had to take Betio in the toughest of ways, yard by yard, absorbing potentially horrifying losses until every pillbox, every bunker, every Japanese, had been eliminated. On Betio, brute force and savage fighting overshadowed finesse. This would be a bloody slugfest of heavyweights standing in the middle of the ring, not two fast-moving foes landing quick jabs.

Post a Comment

Your email is never published nor shared. Required fields are marked *

Issue Previews

Armored Strike at Arras: Counterattack Against the Blitz

Armored Strike at Arras: Counterattack Against the Blitz

British tankers made a courageous, but ultimately futile, attempt to foil the German blitzkrieg in France on May 21, 1940.

Chasing Jefferson Davis

Chasing Jefferson Davis

With Richmond in flames behind them, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, his family, and high-ranking government officials began a desperate dash southward. Their ultimate destination was Mexico.

A Scout in Patton’s Third Army

A Scout in Patton’s Third Army

Bernie Sevel served as a scout for the 90th Infantry Division as Nazi Germany crumbled.

Amphibious Landing at Anzio

Amphibious Landing at Anzio

An attempt to outflank the Germans at Cassino and make a headlong dash for Rome ended in a bloody stalemate on the beaches of Anzio.

facebook gplus twitter youtube rss

Enter Your Log In Credentials

Forgot your Password?

×
.